Summer is over and autumn is coming. This season is a good time to promote the growth and development of babies. Pediatricians suggest that young parents should seize this opportunity to lay a solid foundation for their babies’ autumn and winter health by preventing diarrhea, expelling ascaris, taking cold water baths, injecting vaccines and supplementing nutrition.
Prevention of autumn diarrhea
Babies are most susceptible to diarrhea in summer, but the incidence of diarrhea is also frequent in autumn. Diarrhea that often invades children’s digestive tract in September or October is called “autumn diarrhea”. Therefore, parents should not have any relaxation.
Autumn diarrhea can be completely prevented. Parents should help their children grasp the following points: First, block the entrance. Specific measures include paying attention to dietary hygiene, not eating raw and cold food, regularly boiling and disinfecting toys and utensils, and washing the nipples with warm boiling water before feeding the baby. At the same time, environmental hygiene should be improved to eliminate vectors that transmit viruses. In addition, if it is found that the baby has diarrhea, it is necessary to isolate and treat immediately, handle excreta properly, and at the same time, avoid the contact between healthy children and sick children as far as possible.
Inject vaccine in time
In autumn, we should take timely preventive injections to prevent infectious diseases in winter and spring, such as epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis. Because it takes at least one month for the body to produce antibodies against infectious diseases after vaccination, so don’t forget to vaccinate your baby in autumn. If you miss it, you should make up for it in time.
Increase nutritional supply
The more than 100 days’ hot climate in summer has affected children’s diet and sleep to varying degrees and slows down their growth and development. However, when autumn comes and the weather turns cooler, there will be no disturbance to sleep and diet. The body will gradually return to its previous good working state. The baby’s appetite and digestive function can also be automatically adjusted to the best level. Therefore, parents should strengthen the nutritional supply of children. Meat, eggs, milk and other foods are indispensable, at the same time, vegetables and fruits should also be increased. Besides, staple food and non-staple food, meat dishes and vegetable dishes, crude food and fine grain should be rationally matched.
The best time to expel ascaris
Ascaris is a well-known enemy that endangers the health of babies. It not only plunders nutrition but also induces anemia, malnutrition and other diseases, leading to the backwardness of physical growth and impairment of intelligence.
Experts believe that autumn is the best season to expel ascaris in all seasons of the year. Although babies are likely to be infected by eggs of worms all year round, summer has the most chance of infection. For example, sucking fingers may cause eggs of worms to enter the body and become imagos to settle in the small intestine after a period of time. Therefore, taking insecticide in autumn is the best time to clean up the worms without future trouble.
Scrub body with cold water
Frequent scrubbing with cold water is very effective in improving the baby’s cold adaptation ability. Coldwater scrubbing includes hand washing, face washing, body scrubbing, showering and swimming. Coldwater scrubbing exercises for children vary with age, pay attention to step by step. At first, we can use warm water close to body temperature, and then gradually cool down. For example, the temperature of water for washing face and feet can gradually drop from 35 degrees Celsius to 28 degrees Celsius and 26 degrees Celsius. After washing, dry it with a dry towel. Coldwater shower is also a good exercise method for strengthening the body, but the action should be quick. After the bath, a dry towel should be applied to wipe the body until the body is feverish and slightly reddish, but this method is only suitable for children over 3 years old.